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Volume 13, Issue 3
Lattice Boltzmann Study of the Steady-State Relative Permeabilities in Porous Media

Zhisheng Lv & Haibo Huang

Adv. Appl. Math. Mech., 13 (2021), pp. 619-644.

Published online: 2020-12

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  • Abstract

A multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) lattice Boltzmann model (LBM) is used to study the relative permeabilities in porous media. In many simulations in the literature, usually the periodic boundary condition at inlet and outlet and a uniform pressure gradient were applied to measure the relative permeabilities. However, it is not consistent with the pressure or velocity boundary conditions in the real experiments and may lead to unphysical results. Here using the convective outflow and constant velocity boundary conditions at outlet and inlet, respectively, we can simulate the real experimental setup. Meanwhile, the distribution of the two phases at the outlet can be resolved. The effects of wettability, initial saturation, viscosity ratio $(M\in(1,50)),$ capillary number ($Ca \in(10^{-4},10^{-2})$) and micro two-phase distribution at the inlet on permeabilities are investigated comprehensively. It is found that generally speaking, the strong wetting, drainage, larger $Ca$, and larger $M$ may result in a larger relative permeability of the non-wetting phase. Different flow pattern, the lubrication effect of the wetting phase that attaches to the wall, and influence of stagnant pores may contribute to the feature. The study is helpful to further develop the LBM to simulate the real experimental process.

  • Keywords

Lattice Boltzmann, multiphase, convective outflow, porous media, relative permeabilities.

  • AMS Subject Headings

76S05, 76T99, 76M28

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{AAMM-13-619, author = {Lv , Zhisheng and Huang , Haibo}, title = {Lattice Boltzmann Study of the Steady-State Relative Permeabilities in Porous Media}, journal = {Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics}, year = {2020}, volume = {13}, number = {3}, pages = {619--644}, abstract = {

A multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) lattice Boltzmann model (LBM) is used to study the relative permeabilities in porous media. In many simulations in the literature, usually the periodic boundary condition at inlet and outlet and a uniform pressure gradient were applied to measure the relative permeabilities. However, it is not consistent with the pressure or velocity boundary conditions in the real experiments and may lead to unphysical results. Here using the convective outflow and constant velocity boundary conditions at outlet and inlet, respectively, we can simulate the real experimental setup. Meanwhile, the distribution of the two phases at the outlet can be resolved. The effects of wettability, initial saturation, viscosity ratio $(M\in(1,50)),$ capillary number ($Ca \in(10^{-4},10^{-2})$) and micro two-phase distribution at the inlet on permeabilities are investigated comprehensively. It is found that generally speaking, the strong wetting, drainage, larger $Ca$, and larger $M$ may result in a larger relative permeability of the non-wetting phase. Different flow pattern, the lubrication effect of the wetting phase that attaches to the wall, and influence of stagnant pores may contribute to the feature. The study is helpful to further develop the LBM to simulate the real experimental process.

}, issn = {2075-1354}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0143}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/aamm/18500.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Lattice Boltzmann Study of the Steady-State Relative Permeabilities in Porous Media AU - Lv , Zhisheng AU - Huang , Haibo JO - Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics VL - 3 SP - 619 EP - 644 PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12 SN - 13 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0143 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/aamm/18500.html KW - Lattice Boltzmann, multiphase, convective outflow, porous media, relative permeabilities. AB -

A multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) lattice Boltzmann model (LBM) is used to study the relative permeabilities in porous media. In many simulations in the literature, usually the periodic boundary condition at inlet and outlet and a uniform pressure gradient were applied to measure the relative permeabilities. However, it is not consistent with the pressure or velocity boundary conditions in the real experiments and may lead to unphysical results. Here using the convective outflow and constant velocity boundary conditions at outlet and inlet, respectively, we can simulate the real experimental setup. Meanwhile, the distribution of the two phases at the outlet can be resolved. The effects of wettability, initial saturation, viscosity ratio $(M\in(1,50)),$ capillary number ($Ca \in(10^{-4},10^{-2})$) and micro two-phase distribution at the inlet on permeabilities are investigated comprehensively. It is found that generally speaking, the strong wetting, drainage, larger $Ca$, and larger $M$ may result in a larger relative permeability of the non-wetting phase. Different flow pattern, the lubrication effect of the wetting phase that attaches to the wall, and influence of stagnant pores may contribute to the feature. The study is helpful to further develop the LBM to simulate the real experimental process.

Zhisheng Lv & Haibo Huang. (1970). Lattice Boltzmann Study of the Steady-State Relative Permeabilities in Porous Media. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. 13 (3). 619-644. doi:10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0143
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