Volume 23, Issue 1
A Second-Order Finite-Difference Method for Compressible Fluids in Domains with Moving Boundaries

Alina Chertock, Armando Coco, Alexander Kurganov & Giovanni Russo

Commun. Comput. Phys., 23 (2018), pp. 230-263.

Published online: 2018-01

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  • Abstract

In this paper, we describe how to construct a finite-difference shockcapturing method for the numerical solution of the Euler equation of gas dynamics on arbitrary two-dimensional domain Ω, possibly with moving boundary. The boundaries of the domain are assumed to be changing due to the movement of solid objects/obstacles/walls. Although the motion of the boundary could be coupled with the fluid, all of the numerical tests are performed assuming that such a motion is prescribed and independent of the fluid flow. The method is based on discretizing the equation on a regular Cartesian grid in a rectangular domain ΩR ⊃ Ω. We identify inner and ghost points. The inner points are the grid points located inside Ω, while the ghost points are the grid points that are outside Ω but have at least one neighbor inside Ω. The evolution equations for inner points data are obtained from the discretization of the governing equation, while the data at the ghost points are obtained by a suitable extrapolation of the primitive variables (density, velocities and pressure). Particular care is devoted to a proper description of the boundary conditions for both fixed and time dependent domains. Several numerical experiments are conducted to illustrate the validity of the method. We demonstrate that the second order of accuracy is numerically assessed on genuinely two-dimensional problems.

  • Keywords

Compressible fluids, Euler equations of gas dynamics, ghost-cell extrapolation, moving boundaries, finite-difference shock-capturing methods.

  • AMS Subject Headings

76M20, 65M06, 65M20, 76N99

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{CiCP-23-230, author = {}, title = {A Second-Order Finite-Difference Method for Compressible Fluids in Domains with Moving Boundaries}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2018}, volume = {23}, number = {1}, pages = {230--263}, abstract = {

In this paper, we describe how to construct a finite-difference shockcapturing method for the numerical solution of the Euler equation of gas dynamics on arbitrary two-dimensional domain Ω, possibly with moving boundary. The boundaries of the domain are assumed to be changing due to the movement of solid objects/obstacles/walls. Although the motion of the boundary could be coupled with the fluid, all of the numerical tests are performed assuming that such a motion is prescribed and independent of the fluid flow. The method is based on discretizing the equation on a regular Cartesian grid in a rectangular domain ΩR ⊃ Ω. We identify inner and ghost points. The inner points are the grid points located inside Ω, while the ghost points are the grid points that are outside Ω but have at least one neighbor inside Ω. The evolution equations for inner points data are obtained from the discretization of the governing equation, while the data at the ghost points are obtained by a suitable extrapolation of the primitive variables (density, velocities and pressure). Particular care is devoted to a proper description of the boundary conditions for both fixed and time dependent domains. Several numerical experiments are conducted to illustrate the validity of the method. We demonstrate that the second order of accuracy is numerically assessed on genuinely two-dimensional problems.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2016-0133}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/10526.html} }
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