Volume 17, Issue 3
Accurate Simulation of Circular and Elliptic Cylindrical Invisibility Cloaks

Zhiguo Yang & Li-Lian Wang

Commun. Comput. Phys., 17 (2015), pp. 822-849.

Published online: 2018-04

Preview Purchase PDF 111 1020
Export citation
  • Abstract

The coordinate transformation offers a remarkable way to design cloaks that can steer electromagnetic fields so as to prevent waves from penetrating into the cloaked region (denoted by $Ω_0$, where the objects inside are invisible to observers outside). The ideal circular and elliptic cylindrical cloaked regions are blown up from a point and a line segment, respectively, so the transformed material parameters and the corresponding coefficients of the resulted equations are highly singular at the cloaking boundary $∂Ω_0$. The electric field or magnetic field is not continuous across $∂Ω_0$. The imposition of appropriate cloaking boundary conditions (CBCs) to achieve perfect concealment is a crucial but challenging issue.
Based upon the principle that a well-behaved electromagnetic field in the original space must be well-behaved in the transformed space as well, we obtain CBCs that intrinsically relate to the essential "pole" conditions of a singular transformation. We also find that for the elliptic cylindrical cloak, the CBCs should be imposed differently for the cosine-elliptic and sine-elliptic components of the decomposed fields. With these at our disposal, we can rigorously show that the governing equation in $Ω_0$ can be decoupled from the exterior region $Ω^c_0$, and the total fields in the cloaked region vanish under mild conditions. We emphasize that our proposal of CBCs is different from any existing ones.
Using the exact circular (resp., elliptic) Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) non-reflecting boundary conditions to reduce the unbounded domain $Ω^c_0$ to a bounded domain, we introduce an accurate and efficient Fourier-Legendre spectral-element method (FLSEM) (resp., Mathieu-Legendre spectral-element method (MLSEM)) to simulate the circular cylindrical cloak (resp., elliptic cylindrical cloak). We provide ample numerical results to demonstrate that the perfect concealment of waves can be achieved for the ideal circular/elliptic cylindrical cloaks under our proposed CBCs and accurate numerical solvers.

  • Keywords

  • AMS Subject Headings

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

  • Email address
  • BibTex
  • RIS
  • TXT
@Article{CiCP-17-822, author = {}, title = {Accurate Simulation of Circular and Elliptic Cylindrical Invisibility Cloaks}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2018}, volume = {17}, number = {3}, pages = {822--849}, abstract = {

The coordinate transformation offers a remarkable way to design cloaks that can steer electromagnetic fields so as to prevent waves from penetrating into the cloaked region (denoted by $Ω_0$, where the objects inside are invisible to observers outside). The ideal circular and elliptic cylindrical cloaked regions are blown up from a point and a line segment, respectively, so the transformed material parameters and the corresponding coefficients of the resulted equations are highly singular at the cloaking boundary $∂Ω_0$. The electric field or magnetic field is not continuous across $∂Ω_0$. The imposition of appropriate cloaking boundary conditions (CBCs) to achieve perfect concealment is a crucial but challenging issue.
Based upon the principle that a well-behaved electromagnetic field in the original space must be well-behaved in the transformed space as well, we obtain CBCs that intrinsically relate to the essential "pole" conditions of a singular transformation. We also find that for the elliptic cylindrical cloak, the CBCs should be imposed differently for the cosine-elliptic and sine-elliptic components of the decomposed fields. With these at our disposal, we can rigorously show that the governing equation in $Ω_0$ can be decoupled from the exterior region $Ω^c_0$, and the total fields in the cloaked region vanish under mild conditions. We emphasize that our proposal of CBCs is different from any existing ones.
Using the exact circular (resp., elliptic) Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) non-reflecting boundary conditions to reduce the unbounded domain $Ω^c_0$ to a bounded domain, we introduce an accurate and efficient Fourier-Legendre spectral-element method (FLSEM) (resp., Mathieu-Legendre spectral-element method (MLSEM)) to simulate the circular cylindrical cloak (resp., elliptic cylindrical cloak). We provide ample numerical results to demonstrate that the perfect concealment of waves can be achieved for the ideal circular/elliptic cylindrical cloaks under our proposed CBCs and accurate numerical solvers.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.280514.131014a}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/10979.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Accurate Simulation of Circular and Elliptic Cylindrical Invisibility Cloaks JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 3 SP - 822 EP - 849 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/04 SN - 17 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.280514.131014a UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/10979.html KW - AB -

The coordinate transformation offers a remarkable way to design cloaks that can steer electromagnetic fields so as to prevent waves from penetrating into the cloaked region (denoted by $Ω_0$, where the objects inside are invisible to observers outside). The ideal circular and elliptic cylindrical cloaked regions are blown up from a point and a line segment, respectively, so the transformed material parameters and the corresponding coefficients of the resulted equations are highly singular at the cloaking boundary $∂Ω_0$. The electric field or magnetic field is not continuous across $∂Ω_0$. The imposition of appropriate cloaking boundary conditions (CBCs) to achieve perfect concealment is a crucial but challenging issue.
Based upon the principle that a well-behaved electromagnetic field in the original space must be well-behaved in the transformed space as well, we obtain CBCs that intrinsically relate to the essential "pole" conditions of a singular transformation. We also find that for the elliptic cylindrical cloak, the CBCs should be imposed differently for the cosine-elliptic and sine-elliptic components of the decomposed fields. With these at our disposal, we can rigorously show that the governing equation in $Ω_0$ can be decoupled from the exterior region $Ω^c_0$, and the total fields in the cloaked region vanish under mild conditions. We emphasize that our proposal of CBCs is different from any existing ones.
Using the exact circular (resp., elliptic) Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) non-reflecting boundary conditions to reduce the unbounded domain $Ω^c_0$ to a bounded domain, we introduce an accurate and efficient Fourier-Legendre spectral-element method (FLSEM) (resp., Mathieu-Legendre spectral-element method (MLSEM)) to simulate the circular cylindrical cloak (resp., elliptic cylindrical cloak). We provide ample numerical results to demonstrate that the perfect concealment of waves can be achieved for the ideal circular/elliptic cylindrical cloaks under our proposed CBCs and accurate numerical solvers.

Zhiguo Yang & Li-Lian Wang. (2020). Accurate Simulation of Circular and Elliptic Cylindrical Invisibility Cloaks. Communications in Computational Physics. 17 (3). 822-849. doi:10.4208/cicp.280514.131014a
Copy to clipboard
The citation has been copied to your clipboard