Volume 18, Issue 5
Interior Penalty Discontinuous Galerkin Based Isogeometric Analysis for Allen-Cahn Equations on Surfaces

Futao Zhang, Yan Xu, Falai Chen & Ruihan Guo

Commun. Comput. Phys., 18 (2015), pp. 1380-1416.

Published online: 2018-04

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  • Abstract

We propose a method that combines Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) with the interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin (IPDG) method for solving the Allen-Cahn equation, arising from phase transition in materials science, on three-dimensional (3D) surfaces consisting of multiple patches. DG ideology is adopted at patch level, i.e., we employ the standard IGA within each patch, and employ the IPDG method across the patch interfaces. IGA is very suitable for solving Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) on (3D) surfaces and the IPDG method is used to glue the multiple patches together to get the right solution. Our method takes advantage of both IGA and the IPDG method, which allows us to design a superior semi-discrete (in time) IPDG scheme. First and most importantly, the time-consuming mesh generation process in traditional Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is no longer necessary and refinements, including h-refinement and p-refinement which both maintain the original geometry, can be easily performed at any level. Moreover, the flexibility of the IPDG method makes our method very easy to handle cases with non-conforming patches and different degrees across the patch interfaces. Additionally, the geometrical error is eliminated (for all conic sections) or significantly reduced at the beginning due to the geometric flexibility of IGA basis functions, especially the use of multiple patches. Finally, this method can be easily formulated and implemented. We present our semi-discrete IPDG scheme after generally describe the problem, and then briefly introduce the time marching method employed in this paper. Theoretical analysis is carried out to show that our method satisfies a discrete energy law, and achieves the optimal convergence rate with respect to the $L^2$ norm. Furthermore, we propose an elliptic projection operator on (3D) surfaces and prove an approximation error estimate which are vital for us to obtain the error estimate in the $L^2$ norm. Numerical tests are given to validate the theory and gauge the good performance of our method.

  • Keywords

  • AMS Subject Headings

65M60, 65D17, 68U07, 35K93

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{CiCP-18-1380, author = {}, title = {Interior Penalty Discontinuous Galerkin Based Isogeometric Analysis for Allen-Cahn Equations on Surfaces}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2018}, volume = {18}, number = {5}, pages = {1380--1416}, abstract = {

We propose a method that combines Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) with the interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin (IPDG) method for solving the Allen-Cahn equation, arising from phase transition in materials science, on three-dimensional (3D) surfaces consisting of multiple patches. DG ideology is adopted at patch level, i.e., we employ the standard IGA within each patch, and employ the IPDG method across the patch interfaces. IGA is very suitable for solving Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) on (3D) surfaces and the IPDG method is used to glue the multiple patches together to get the right solution. Our method takes advantage of both IGA and the IPDG method, which allows us to design a superior semi-discrete (in time) IPDG scheme. First and most importantly, the time-consuming mesh generation process in traditional Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is no longer necessary and refinements, including h-refinement and p-refinement which both maintain the original geometry, can be easily performed at any level. Moreover, the flexibility of the IPDG method makes our method very easy to handle cases with non-conforming patches and different degrees across the patch interfaces. Additionally, the geometrical error is eliminated (for all conic sections) or significantly reduced at the beginning due to the geometric flexibility of IGA basis functions, especially the use of multiple patches. Finally, this method can be easily formulated and implemented. We present our semi-discrete IPDG scheme after generally describe the problem, and then briefly introduce the time marching method employed in this paper. Theoretical analysis is carried out to show that our method satisfies a discrete energy law, and achieves the optimal convergence rate with respect to the $L^2$ norm. Furthermore, we propose an elliptic projection operator on (3D) surfaces and prove an approximation error estimate which are vital for us to obtain the error estimate in the $L^2$ norm. Numerical tests are given to validate the theory and gauge the good performance of our method.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.150215.250515a}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11073.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Interior Penalty Discontinuous Galerkin Based Isogeometric Analysis for Allen-Cahn Equations on Surfaces JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 5 SP - 1380 EP - 1416 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/04 SN - 18 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.150215.250515a UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11073.html KW - AB -

We propose a method that combines Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) with the interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin (IPDG) method for solving the Allen-Cahn equation, arising from phase transition in materials science, on three-dimensional (3D) surfaces consisting of multiple patches. DG ideology is adopted at patch level, i.e., we employ the standard IGA within each patch, and employ the IPDG method across the patch interfaces. IGA is very suitable for solving Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) on (3D) surfaces and the IPDG method is used to glue the multiple patches together to get the right solution. Our method takes advantage of both IGA and the IPDG method, which allows us to design a superior semi-discrete (in time) IPDG scheme. First and most importantly, the time-consuming mesh generation process in traditional Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is no longer necessary and refinements, including h-refinement and p-refinement which both maintain the original geometry, can be easily performed at any level. Moreover, the flexibility of the IPDG method makes our method very easy to handle cases with non-conforming patches and different degrees across the patch interfaces. Additionally, the geometrical error is eliminated (for all conic sections) or significantly reduced at the beginning due to the geometric flexibility of IGA basis functions, especially the use of multiple patches. Finally, this method can be easily formulated and implemented. We present our semi-discrete IPDG scheme after generally describe the problem, and then briefly introduce the time marching method employed in this paper. Theoretical analysis is carried out to show that our method satisfies a discrete energy law, and achieves the optimal convergence rate with respect to the $L^2$ norm. Furthermore, we propose an elliptic projection operator on (3D) surfaces and prove an approximation error estimate which are vital for us to obtain the error estimate in the $L^2$ norm. Numerical tests are given to validate the theory and gauge the good performance of our method.

Futao Zhang, Yan Xu, Falai Chen & Ruihan Guo. (2019). Interior Penalty Discontinuous Galerkin Based Isogeometric Analysis for Allen-Cahn Equations on Surfaces. Communications in Computational Physics. 18 (5). 1380-1416. doi:10.4208/cicp.150215.250515a
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