Volume 19, Issue 5
A Numerical Thermal-Hydraulic Model to Simulate the Fast Transients in a Supercritical Water Channel Subjected to Sharp Pressure Variations

Goutam Dutta ,  Jin Jiang ,  Rohit Maitri and Chao Zhang


Commun. Comput. Phys., 19 (2016), pp. 1529-1541.

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  • Abstract

The present work demonstrates the extension of a thermal-hydraulic model, THRUST, with an objective to simulate the fast transient flow dynamics in a supercritical water channel of circular cross section. THRUST is a 1-D model which solves the nonlinearly coupled mass, axial momentum and energy conservation equations in time domain based on a characteristics-dependent fully implicit finite difference scheme using an Eulerian approach. The model developed accounts for the compressibility of the supercritical flow by considering the finite value of acoustic speed in the solution algorithm and treats the boundary conditions naturally. A supercritical water channel of circular cross section, for which the experimental data is available at steady state operating conditions, is chosen for the transient simulations to start with. Two different case studies are undertaken with a purpose to assess the capability of the model to analyze the fast transient processes caused by the large reduction in system pressure. The first transient case study is where the initial exit pressure is reduced by 1 MPa exponentially in a time span of 5 s. In the second case study, the transient is initiated with a sudden step decrease in the exit pressure by the same amount. Results obtained for both the case studies show the desired performance from the model developed.

  • History

Published online: 2018-04

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