Volume 21, Issue 2
Effective Boundary Conditions: A General Strategy and Application to Compressible Flows over Rough Boundaries

Giulia Deolmi, Wolfgang Dahmen & Siegfried Müller

Commun. Comput. Phys., 21 (2017), pp. 358-400.

Published online: 2018-04

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  • Abstract

Determining the drag of a flow over a rough surface is a guiding example for the need to take geometric micro-scale effects into account when computing a macro-scale quantity. A well-known strategy to avoid a prohibitively expensive numerical resolution of micro-scale structures is to capture the micro-scale effects through some effective boundary conditions posed for a problem on a (virtually) smooth domain. The central objective of this paper is to develop a numerical scheme for accurately capturing the micro-scale effects at essentially the cost of twice solving a problem on a (piecewise) smooth domain at affordable resolution. Here and throughout the paper "smooth" means the absence of any micro-scale roughness. Our derivation is based on a "conceptual recipe" formulated first in a simplified setting of boundary value problems under the assumption of sufficient local regularity to permit asymptotic expansions in terms of the micro-scale parameter.
The proposed multiscale model relies then on an upscaling strategy similar in spirit to previous works by Achdou et al. [1], Jäger and Mikelic [29, 31], Friedmann et al. [24, 25], for incompressible fluids. Extensions to compressible fluids, although with several noteworthy distinctions regarding e.g. the "micro-scale size" relative to boundary layer thickness or the systematic treatment of different boundary conditions, are discussed in Deolmi et al. [16,17]. For proof of concept the general strategy is applied to the compressible Navier-Stokes equations to investigate steady, laminar, subsonic flow over a flat plate with partially embedded isotropic and anisotropic periodic roughness imposing adiabatic and isothermal wall conditions, respectively. The results are compared with high resolution direct simulations on a fully resolved rough domain.

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@Article{CiCP-21-358, author = {Giulia Deolmi , and Wolfgang Dahmen , and Siegfried Müller , }, title = {Effective Boundary Conditions: A General Strategy and Application to Compressible Flows over Rough Boundaries}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, number = {2}, pages = {358--400}, abstract = {

Determining the drag of a flow over a rough surface is a guiding example for the need to take geometric micro-scale effects into account when computing a macro-scale quantity. A well-known strategy to avoid a prohibitively expensive numerical resolution of micro-scale structures is to capture the micro-scale effects through some effective boundary conditions posed for a problem on a (virtually) smooth domain. The central objective of this paper is to develop a numerical scheme for accurately capturing the micro-scale effects at essentially the cost of twice solving a problem on a (piecewise) smooth domain at affordable resolution. Here and throughout the paper "smooth" means the absence of any micro-scale roughness. Our derivation is based on a "conceptual recipe" formulated first in a simplified setting of boundary value problems under the assumption of sufficient local regularity to permit asymptotic expansions in terms of the micro-scale parameter.
The proposed multiscale model relies then on an upscaling strategy similar in spirit to previous works by Achdou et al. [1], Jäger and Mikelic [29, 31], Friedmann et al. [24, 25], for incompressible fluids. Extensions to compressible fluids, although with several noteworthy distinctions regarding e.g. the "micro-scale size" relative to boundary layer thickness or the systematic treatment of different boundary conditions, are discussed in Deolmi et al. [16,17]. For proof of concept the general strategy is applied to the compressible Navier-Stokes equations to investigate steady, laminar, subsonic flow over a flat plate with partially embedded isotropic and anisotropic periodic roughness imposing adiabatic and isothermal wall conditions, respectively. The results are compared with high resolution direct simulations on a fully resolved rough domain.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2016-0015}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11242.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Effective Boundary Conditions: A General Strategy and Application to Compressible Flows over Rough Boundaries AU - Giulia Deolmi , AU - Wolfgang Dahmen , AU - Siegfried Müller , JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 2 SP - 358 EP - 400 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/04 SN - 21 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2016-0015 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11242.html KW - AB -

Determining the drag of a flow over a rough surface is a guiding example for the need to take geometric micro-scale effects into account when computing a macro-scale quantity. A well-known strategy to avoid a prohibitively expensive numerical resolution of micro-scale structures is to capture the micro-scale effects through some effective boundary conditions posed for a problem on a (virtually) smooth domain. The central objective of this paper is to develop a numerical scheme for accurately capturing the micro-scale effects at essentially the cost of twice solving a problem on a (piecewise) smooth domain at affordable resolution. Here and throughout the paper "smooth" means the absence of any micro-scale roughness. Our derivation is based on a "conceptual recipe" formulated first in a simplified setting of boundary value problems under the assumption of sufficient local regularity to permit asymptotic expansions in terms of the micro-scale parameter.
The proposed multiscale model relies then on an upscaling strategy similar in spirit to previous works by Achdou et al. [1], Jäger and Mikelic [29, 31], Friedmann et al. [24, 25], for incompressible fluids. Extensions to compressible fluids, although with several noteworthy distinctions regarding e.g. the "micro-scale size" relative to boundary layer thickness or the systematic treatment of different boundary conditions, are discussed in Deolmi et al. [16,17]. For proof of concept the general strategy is applied to the compressible Navier-Stokes equations to investigate steady, laminar, subsonic flow over a flat plate with partially embedded isotropic and anisotropic periodic roughness imposing adiabatic and isothermal wall conditions, respectively. The results are compared with high resolution direct simulations on a fully resolved rough domain.

Giulia Deolmi, Wolfgang Dahmen & Siegfried Müller. (2020). Effective Boundary Conditions: A General Strategy and Application to Compressible Flows over Rough Boundaries. Communications in Computational Physics. 21 (2). 358-400. doi:10.4208/cicp.OA-2016-0015
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