Volume 21, Issue 4
Numerical Modeling of Material Points Evolution in a System with Gravity

A. V. Melkikh, E. A. Melkikh & V. A. Kozhevnikov

Commun. Comput. Phys., 21 (2017), pp. 1118-1140.

Published online: 2018-04

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  • Abstract

The evolution of material points interacting via gravitational force in 3D space was investigated. At initial moment points with masses of 2.48 Sun masses are randomly distributed inside a cube with an edge of 5 light-years. The modeling was conducted at different initial distributions of velocities and different ratios between potential and kinetic energy of the points. As a result of modeling the time dependence of velocity distribution function of points was obtained. Dependence of particles fraction which had evaporated from initial cluster on time for different initial conditions is obtained. In particular, it was obtained that the fraction of evaporated particles varies between 0,45 and 0,63. Mutual diffusion of two classes of particles at different initial conditions in the case when at initial moment of time both classes of particles occupy equal parts of cube was investigated. The maximum Lyapunov exponent of the system with different initial conditions was calculated. The obtained value weakly depends on the ratio between initial kinetic and potential energies and amounts approximately 10−5 . Corresponding time of the particle trajectories divergence turned out to be 40-50 thousand years.

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@Article{CiCP-21-1118, author = {A. V. Melkikh, E. A. Melkikh and V. A. Kozhevnikov}, title = {Numerical Modeling of Material Points Evolution in a System with Gravity}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, number = {4}, pages = {1118--1140}, abstract = {

The evolution of material points interacting via gravitational force in 3D space was investigated. At initial moment points with masses of 2.48 Sun masses are randomly distributed inside a cube with an edge of 5 light-years. The modeling was conducted at different initial distributions of velocities and different ratios between potential and kinetic energy of the points. As a result of modeling the time dependence of velocity distribution function of points was obtained. Dependence of particles fraction which had evaporated from initial cluster on time for different initial conditions is obtained. In particular, it was obtained that the fraction of evaporated particles varies between 0,45 and 0,63. Mutual diffusion of two classes of particles at different initial conditions in the case when at initial moment of time both classes of particles occupy equal parts of cube was investigated. The maximum Lyapunov exponent of the system with different initial conditions was calculated. The obtained value weakly depends on the ratio between initial kinetic and potential energies and amounts approximately 10−5 . Corresponding time of the particle trajectories divergence turned out to be 40-50 thousand years.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2015-0004}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11273.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical Modeling of Material Points Evolution in a System with Gravity AU - A. V. Melkikh, E. A. Melkikh & V. A. Kozhevnikov JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 4 SP - 1118 EP - 1140 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/04 SN - 21 DO - http://dor.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2015-0004 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/cicp/11273.html KW - AB -

The evolution of material points interacting via gravitational force in 3D space was investigated. At initial moment points with masses of 2.48 Sun masses are randomly distributed inside a cube with an edge of 5 light-years. The modeling was conducted at different initial distributions of velocities and different ratios between potential and kinetic energy of the points. As a result of modeling the time dependence of velocity distribution function of points was obtained. Dependence of particles fraction which had evaporated from initial cluster on time for different initial conditions is obtained. In particular, it was obtained that the fraction of evaporated particles varies between 0,45 and 0,63. Mutual diffusion of two classes of particles at different initial conditions in the case when at initial moment of time both classes of particles occupy equal parts of cube was investigated. The maximum Lyapunov exponent of the system with different initial conditions was calculated. The obtained value weakly depends on the ratio between initial kinetic and potential energies and amounts approximately 10−5 . Corresponding time of the particle trajectories divergence turned out to be 40-50 thousand years.

A. V. Melkikh, E. A. Melkikh & V. A. Kozhevnikov. (1970). Numerical Modeling of Material Points Evolution in a System with Gravity. Communications in Computational Physics. 21 (4). 1118-1140. doi:10.4208/cicp.OA-2015-0004
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