Volume 24, Issue 2
An Enhanced Finite Element Method for a Class of Variational Problems Exhibiting the Lavrentiev Gap Phenomenon

Xiaobing Feng & Stefan Schnake

Commun. Comput. Phys., 24 (2018), pp. 576-592.

Published online: 2018-08

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  • Abstract

This paper develops an enhanced finite element method for approximating a class of variational problems which exhibits the $Lavrentiev$ $gap$ $phenomenon$ in the sense that the minimum values of the energy functional have a nontrivial gap when the functional is minimized on the spaces $W^{1,1}$ and $W^{1,∞}$. To remedy the standard finite element method, which fails to converge for such variational problems, a simple and effective cut-off procedure is utilized to design the (enhanced finite element) discrete energy functional. In essence the proposed discrete energy functional curbs the gap phenomenon by capping the derivatives of its input on a scale of $\mathcal{O}$($h^{−α}$) (where $h$ denotes the mesh size) for some positive constant $α$. A sufficient condition is proposed for determining the problem-dependent parameter $α$. Extensive 1-D and 2-D numerical experiment results are provided to show the convergence behavior and the performance of the proposed enhanced finite element method.

  • Keywords

Energy functional, variational problems, minimizers, singularities, Lavrentiev gap phenomenon, finite element methods, cut-off procedure.

  • AMS Subject Headings

65N35

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{CiCP-24-576, author = {}, title = {An Enhanced Finite Element Method for a Class of Variational Problems Exhibiting the Lavrentiev Gap Phenomenon}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2018}, volume = {24}, number = {2}, pages = {576--592}, abstract = {

This paper develops an enhanced finite element method for approximating a class of variational problems which exhibits the $Lavrentiev$ $gap$ $phenomenon$ in the sense that the minimum values of the energy functional have a nontrivial gap when the functional is minimized on the spaces $W^{1,1}$ and $W^{1,∞}$. To remedy the standard finite element method, which fails to converge for such variational problems, a simple and effective cut-off procedure is utilized to design the (enhanced finite element) discrete energy functional. In essence the proposed discrete energy functional curbs the gap phenomenon by capping the derivatives of its input on a scale of $\mathcal{O}$($h^{−α}$) (where $h$ denotes the mesh size) for some positive constant $α$. A sufficient condition is proposed for determining the problem-dependent parameter $α$. Extensive 1-D and 2-D numerical experiment results are provided to show the convergence behavior and the performance of the proposed enhanced finite element method.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2017-0046}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/12253.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - An Enhanced Finite Element Method for a Class of Variational Problems Exhibiting the Lavrentiev Gap Phenomenon JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 2 SP - 576 EP - 592 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/08 SN - 24 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2017-0046 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/12253.html KW - Energy functional, variational problems, minimizers, singularities, Lavrentiev gap phenomenon, finite element methods, cut-off procedure. AB -

This paper develops an enhanced finite element method for approximating a class of variational problems which exhibits the $Lavrentiev$ $gap$ $phenomenon$ in the sense that the minimum values of the energy functional have a nontrivial gap when the functional is minimized on the spaces $W^{1,1}$ and $W^{1,∞}$. To remedy the standard finite element method, which fails to converge for such variational problems, a simple and effective cut-off procedure is utilized to design the (enhanced finite element) discrete energy functional. In essence the proposed discrete energy functional curbs the gap phenomenon by capping the derivatives of its input on a scale of $\mathcal{O}$($h^{−α}$) (where $h$ denotes the mesh size) for some positive constant $α$. A sufficient condition is proposed for determining the problem-dependent parameter $α$. Extensive 1-D and 2-D numerical experiment results are provided to show the convergence behavior and the performance of the proposed enhanced finite element method.

Xiaobing Feng & Stefan Schnake. (2020). An Enhanced Finite Element Method for a Class of Variational Problems Exhibiting the Lavrentiev Gap Phenomenon. Communications in Computational Physics. 24 (2). 576-592. doi:10.4208/cicp.OA-2017-0046
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