Volume 7, Issue 2
Cahn-Hilliard vs Singular Cahn-Hilliard Equations in Phase Field Modeling

Tianyu Zhang & Qi Wang

Commun. Comput. Phys., 7 (2010), pp. 362-382.

Published online: 2010-02

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  • Abstract

The Cahn-Hilliard equation is often used to describe evolution of phase boundaries in phase field models for multiphase fluids. In this paper, we compare the use of the Cahn-Hilliard equation (of a constant mobility) for the phase variable with that of the singular or modified Cahn-Hilliard equation (of a variable mobility) in the context of physical derivation of the transport equation and numerical simulations of immiscible binary fluids. We show numerically that (i). both equations work fine for interfaces of small to moderate curvature in short to intermediate time scales; (ii) the Cahn-Hilliard equation renders strong dissipation in simulations of small droplets leading to dissolution of small droplets into the surrounding fluid and/or absorption of small droplets by larger droplets nearby, an artifact for immiscible binary fluids; whereas, the singular Cahn-Hilliard equation can significantly reduce the numerical dissipation around small droplets to yield physically acceptable results in intermediate time scales; (iii) the size of droplets that can be simulated by the Cahn-Hilliard equations scale inversely with the strength of the mixing free energy. Since the intermediate timescale is the time scale of interest in most transient fluid simulations, the singular Cahn-Hilliard equation proves to be the more accurate phase transporting equation for immiscible binary fluids.

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@Article{CiCP-7-362, author = {}, title = {Cahn-Hilliard vs Singular Cahn-Hilliard Equations in Phase Field Modeling}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2010}, volume = {7}, number = {2}, pages = {362--382}, abstract = {

The Cahn-Hilliard equation is often used to describe evolution of phase boundaries in phase field models for multiphase fluids. In this paper, we compare the use of the Cahn-Hilliard equation (of a constant mobility) for the phase variable with that of the singular or modified Cahn-Hilliard equation (of a variable mobility) in the context of physical derivation of the transport equation and numerical simulations of immiscible binary fluids. We show numerically that (i). both equations work fine for interfaces of small to moderate curvature in short to intermediate time scales; (ii) the Cahn-Hilliard equation renders strong dissipation in simulations of small droplets leading to dissolution of small droplets into the surrounding fluid and/or absorption of small droplets by larger droplets nearby, an artifact for immiscible binary fluids; whereas, the singular Cahn-Hilliard equation can significantly reduce the numerical dissipation around small droplets to yield physically acceptable results in intermediate time scales; (iii) the size of droplets that can be simulated by the Cahn-Hilliard equations scale inversely with the strength of the mixing free energy. Since the intermediate timescale is the time scale of interest in most transient fluid simulations, the singular Cahn-Hilliard equation proves to be the more accurate phase transporting equation for immiscible binary fluids.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.2009.09.016}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/7634.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Cahn-Hilliard vs Singular Cahn-Hilliard Equations in Phase Field Modeling JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 2 SP - 362 EP - 382 PY - 2010 DA - 2010/02 SN - 7 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.2009.09.016 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/7634.html KW - AB -

The Cahn-Hilliard equation is often used to describe evolution of phase boundaries in phase field models for multiphase fluids. In this paper, we compare the use of the Cahn-Hilliard equation (of a constant mobility) for the phase variable with that of the singular or modified Cahn-Hilliard equation (of a variable mobility) in the context of physical derivation of the transport equation and numerical simulations of immiscible binary fluids. We show numerically that (i). both equations work fine for interfaces of small to moderate curvature in short to intermediate time scales; (ii) the Cahn-Hilliard equation renders strong dissipation in simulations of small droplets leading to dissolution of small droplets into the surrounding fluid and/or absorption of small droplets by larger droplets nearby, an artifact for immiscible binary fluids; whereas, the singular Cahn-Hilliard equation can significantly reduce the numerical dissipation around small droplets to yield physically acceptable results in intermediate time scales; (iii) the size of droplets that can be simulated by the Cahn-Hilliard equations scale inversely with the strength of the mixing free energy. Since the intermediate timescale is the time scale of interest in most transient fluid simulations, the singular Cahn-Hilliard equation proves to be the more accurate phase transporting equation for immiscible binary fluids.

Tianyu Zhang & Qi Wang. (2020). Cahn-Hilliard vs Singular Cahn-Hilliard Equations in Phase Field Modeling. Communications in Computational Physics. 7 (2). 362-382. doi:10.4208/cicp.2009.09.016
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