Volume 4, Issue 1
A Uniformly Convergent Numerical Method for Singularly Perturbed Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problems

Weizhu Bao & Ming-Huang Chai

DOI:

Commun. Comput. Phys., 4 (2008), pp. 135-160.

Published online: 2008-04

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  • Abstract

In this paper we propose a uniformly convergent numerical method for discretizing singularly perturbed nonlinear eigenvalue problems under constraints with applications in Bose-Einstein condensation and quantum chemistry. We begin with the time-independent Gross-Pitaevskii equation and show how to reformulate it into a singularly perturbed nonlinear eigenvalue problem under a constraint. Matched asymptotic approximations for the problem are presented to locate the positions and characterize the widths of boundary layers and/or interior layers in the solution. A uniformly convergent numerical method is proposed by using the normalized gradient flow and piecewise uniform mesh techniques based on the asymptotic approximations for the problem. Extensive numerical results are reported to demonstrate the effectiveness of our numerical method for the problems. Finally, the method is applied to compute ground and excited states of Bose-Einstein condensation in the semiclassical regime and some conclusive findings are reported. 

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@Article{CiCP-4-135, author = {Weizhu Bao and Ming-Huang Chai}, title = {A Uniformly Convergent Numerical Method for Singularly Perturbed Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problems}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2008}, volume = {4}, number = {1}, pages = {135--160}, abstract = {

In this paper we propose a uniformly convergent numerical method for discretizing singularly perturbed nonlinear eigenvalue problems under constraints with applications in Bose-Einstein condensation and quantum chemistry. We begin with the time-independent Gross-Pitaevskii equation and show how to reformulate it into a singularly perturbed nonlinear eigenvalue problem under a constraint. Matched asymptotic approximations for the problem are presented to locate the positions and characterize the widths of boundary layers and/or interior layers in the solution. A uniformly convergent numerical method is proposed by using the normalized gradient flow and piecewise uniform mesh techniques based on the asymptotic approximations for the problem. Extensive numerical results are reported to demonstrate the effectiveness of our numerical method for the problems. Finally, the method is applied to compute ground and excited states of Bose-Einstein condensation in the semiclassical regime and some conclusive findings are reported. 

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/7784.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - A Uniformly Convergent Numerical Method for Singularly Perturbed Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problems AU - Weizhu Bao & Ming-Huang Chai JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 1 SP - 135 EP - 160 PY - 2008 DA - 2008/04 SN - 4 DO - http://dor.org/ UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/cicp/7784.html KW - AB -

In this paper we propose a uniformly convergent numerical method for discretizing singularly perturbed nonlinear eigenvalue problems under constraints with applications in Bose-Einstein condensation and quantum chemistry. We begin with the time-independent Gross-Pitaevskii equation and show how to reformulate it into a singularly perturbed nonlinear eigenvalue problem under a constraint. Matched asymptotic approximations for the problem are presented to locate the positions and characterize the widths of boundary layers and/or interior layers in the solution. A uniformly convergent numerical method is proposed by using the normalized gradient flow and piecewise uniform mesh techniques based on the asymptotic approximations for the problem. Extensive numerical results are reported to demonstrate the effectiveness of our numerical method for the problems. Finally, the method is applied to compute ground and excited states of Bose-Einstein condensation in the semiclassical regime and some conclusive findings are reported. 

Weizhu Bao & Ming-Huang Chai. (1970). A Uniformly Convergent Numerical Method for Singularly Perturbed Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problems. Communications in Computational Physics. 4 (1). 135-160. doi:
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