Volume 22, Issue 3
An Essential Extension of the Finite-Energy Condition for Extended Runge-Kutta-Nystrom Integrators When Applied to Nonlinear Wave Equations.

Lijie Mei, Changying Liu & Xinyuan Wu

Commun. Comput. Phys., 22 (2017), pp. 742-764.

Published online: 2017-09

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  • Abstract

This paper is devoted to an extension of the finite-energy condition for extended Runge-Kutta-Nystr ¨om (ERKN) integrators and applications to nonlinear wave equations. We begin with an error analysis for the integrators for multi-frequency highly oscillatory systems y ′′+My = f(y), where M is positive semi-definite, kMk≫ k ∂ f ∂y k, and kMk≫1. The highly oscillatory system is due to the semi-discretisation of conservative, or dissipative, nonlinear wave equations. The structure of such a matrix M and initial conditions are based on particular spatial discretisations. Similarly to the error analysis for Gaustchi-type methods of order two, where a finite-energy condition bounding amplitudes of high oscillations is satisfied by the solution, a finiteenergy condition for the semi-discretisation of nonlinear wave equations is introduced and analysed. These ensure that the error bound of ERKN methods is independent of kMk. Since stepsizes are not restricted by frequencies of M, large stepsizes can be employed by our ERKN integrators of arbitrary high order. Numerical experiments provided in this paper have demonstrated that our results are truly promising, and consistent with our analysis and prediction.

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