  Volume 3, Issue 2
Numerical Research for the 2D Vorticity-Stream Function Formulation of the Navier-Stokes Equations and Its Application in Vortex Merging at High Reynolds Numbers

CSIAM Trans. Appl. Math., 3 (2022), pp. 244-272.

Published online: 2022-05

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• Abstract

This paper is concerned with the development of numerical research for the 2D vorticity-stream function formulation and its application in vortex merging at high Reynolds numbers. A novel numerical method for solving the vorticity-stream function formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations at high Reynolds number is presented. We implement the second-order linear scheme by combining the finite difference method and finite volume method with the help of careful treatment of nonlinear terms and splitting techniques, on a staggered-mesh grid system, which typically consists of two steps: prediction and correction. We show in a rigorous fashion that the scheme is uniquely solvable at each time step. A verification algorithm that has the analytical solution is designed to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Furthermore, the proposed scheme is applied to study the vortex merging problem. Ample numerical experiments are performed to show some essential features of the merging of multiple vortices at high Reynolds numbers. Meanwhile, considering the importance of the inversion for the initial position of the vorticity field, we present an iteration algorithm for the reconstruction of the initial position parameters.

35R30, 65M12, 76D05

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@Article{CSIAM-AM-3-244, author = {Wang , JueDing , Hongwei and Zhang , Lei}, title = {Numerical Research for the 2D Vorticity-Stream Function Formulation of the Navier-Stokes Equations and Its Application in Vortex Merging at High Reynolds Numbers}, journal = {CSIAM Transactions on Applied Mathematics}, year = {2022}, volume = {3}, number = {2}, pages = {244--272}, abstract = {

This paper is concerned with the development of numerical research for the 2D vorticity-stream function formulation and its application in vortex merging at high Reynolds numbers. A novel numerical method for solving the vorticity-stream function formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations at high Reynolds number is presented. We implement the second-order linear scheme by combining the finite difference method and finite volume method with the help of careful treatment of nonlinear terms and splitting techniques, on a staggered-mesh grid system, which typically consists of two steps: prediction and correction. We show in a rigorous fashion that the scheme is uniquely solvable at each time step. A verification algorithm that has the analytical solution is designed to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Furthermore, the proposed scheme is applied to study the vortex merging problem. Ample numerical experiments are performed to show some essential features of the merging of multiple vortices at high Reynolds numbers. Meanwhile, considering the importance of the inversion for the initial position of the vorticity field, we present an iteration algorithm for the reconstruction of the initial position parameters.

}, issn = {2708-0579}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/csiam-am.SO-2021-0015}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/csiam-am/20537.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical Research for the 2D Vorticity-Stream Function Formulation of the Navier-Stokes Equations and Its Application in Vortex Merging at High Reynolds Numbers AU - Wang , Jue AU - Ding , Hongwei AU - Zhang , Lei JO - CSIAM Transactions on Applied Mathematics VL - 2 SP - 244 EP - 272 PY - 2022 DA - 2022/05 SN - 3 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/csiam-am.SO-2021-0015 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/csiam-am/20537.html KW - Navier-Stokes equation, inverse problem, stability, convergence, finite difference method, finite volume method, high Reynolds numbers. AB -

This paper is concerned with the development of numerical research for the 2D vorticity-stream function formulation and its application in vortex merging at high Reynolds numbers. A novel numerical method for solving the vorticity-stream function formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations at high Reynolds number is presented. We implement the second-order linear scheme by combining the finite difference method and finite volume method with the help of careful treatment of nonlinear terms and splitting techniques, on a staggered-mesh grid system, which typically consists of two steps: prediction and correction. We show in a rigorous fashion that the scheme is uniquely solvable at each time step. A verification algorithm that has the analytical solution is designed to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Furthermore, the proposed scheme is applied to study the vortex merging problem. Ample numerical experiments are performed to show some essential features of the merging of multiple vortices at high Reynolds numbers. Meanwhile, considering the importance of the inversion for the initial position of the vorticity field, we present an iteration algorithm for the reconstruction of the initial position parameters.

Jue Wang, Hongwei Ding & Lei Zhang. (2022). Numerical Research for the 2D Vorticity-Stream Function Formulation of the Navier-Stokes Equations and Its Application in Vortex Merging at High Reynolds Numbers. CSIAM Transactions on Applied Mathematics. 3 (2). 244-272. doi:10.4208/csiam-am.SO-2021-0015
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