TY - JOUR T1 - 3D Simulations of Blood Flow Dynamics in Compliant Vessels: Normal, Aneurysmal, and Stenotic Arteries JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 5 SP - 1167 EP - 1190 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/04 SN - 19 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.scpde14.20s UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11124.html KW - AB -

Arterial diseases such as aneurysm and stenosis may result from the mechanical and/or morphological change of an arterial wall structure and correspondingly altered hemodynamics. The development of a 3D computational model of blood flow can be useful to study the hemodynamics in major blood vessels and may provide an insight into the noninvasive technique to detect arterial diseases in early stage. In this paper, we present a three-dimensional model of blood flow in the aorta, which is based on the immersed boundary method to describe the interaction of blood flow with the aortic wall. Our simulation results show that the hysteresis loop is evident in the pressure-diameter relationship of the normal aorta when the arterial wall is considered to be viscoelastic. In addition, it is shown that flow patterns and pressure distributions are altered in response to the change of aortic morphology.