Volume 28, Issue 5
Multi-Scale Deep Neural Network (MscaleDNN) Methods for Oscillatory Stokes Flows in Complex Domains

Bo Wang, Wenzhong ZhangWei Cai

Commun. Comput. Phys., 28 (2020), pp. 2139-2157.

Published online: 2020-11

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  • Abstract

In this paper, we study a multi-scale deep neural network (MscaleDNN) as a meshless numerical method for computing oscillatory Stokes flows in complex domains. The MscaleDNN employs a multi-scale structure in the design of its DNN using radial scalings to convert the approximation of high frequency components of the highly oscillatory Stokes solution to one of lower frequencies. The MscaleDNN solution to the Stokes problem is obtained by minimizing a loss function in terms of $L^2$ norm of the residual of the Stokes equation. Three forms of loss functions are investigated based on vorticity-velocity-pressure, velocity-stress-pressure, and velocity-gradient of velocity-pressure formulations of the Stokes equation. We first conduct a systematic study of the MscaleDNN methods with various loss functions on the Kovasznay flow in comparison with normal fully connected DNNs. Then, Stokes flows with highly oscillatory solutions in a 2-D domain with six randomly placed holes are simulated by the MscaleDNN. The results show that MscaleDNN has faster convergence and consistent error decays in the simulation of Kovasznay flow for all three tested loss functions. More importantly, the MscaleDNN is capable of learning highly oscillatory solutions when the normal DNNs fail to converge.

  • Keywords

Deep neural network, Stokes equation, multi-scale, meshless methods.

  • AMS Subject Headings

35Q68, 65N99, 68T07, 76M99

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{CiCP-28-2139, author = {Wang , Bo and Zhang , Wenzhong and Cai , Wei}, title = {Multi-Scale Deep Neural Network (MscaleDNN) Methods for Oscillatory Stokes Flows in Complex Domains}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2020}, volume = {28}, number = {5}, pages = {2139--2157}, abstract = {

In this paper, we study a multi-scale deep neural network (MscaleDNN) as a meshless numerical method for computing oscillatory Stokes flows in complex domains. The MscaleDNN employs a multi-scale structure in the design of its DNN using radial scalings to convert the approximation of high frequency components of the highly oscillatory Stokes solution to one of lower frequencies. The MscaleDNN solution to the Stokes problem is obtained by minimizing a loss function in terms of $L^2$ norm of the residual of the Stokes equation. Three forms of loss functions are investigated based on vorticity-velocity-pressure, velocity-stress-pressure, and velocity-gradient of velocity-pressure formulations of the Stokes equation. We first conduct a systematic study of the MscaleDNN methods with various loss functions on the Kovasznay flow in comparison with normal fully connected DNNs. Then, Stokes flows with highly oscillatory solutions in a 2-D domain with six randomly placed holes are simulated by the MscaleDNN. The results show that MscaleDNN has faster convergence and consistent error decays in the simulation of Kovasznay flow for all three tested loss functions. More importantly, the MscaleDNN is capable of learning highly oscillatory solutions when the normal DNNs fail to converge.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2020-0192}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/18407.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-Scale Deep Neural Network (MscaleDNN) Methods for Oscillatory Stokes Flows in Complex Domains AU - Wang , Bo AU - Zhang , Wenzhong AU - Cai , Wei JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 5 SP - 2139 EP - 2157 PY - 2020 DA - 2020/11 SN - 28 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2020-0192 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/18407.html KW - Deep neural network, Stokes equation, multi-scale, meshless methods. AB -

In this paper, we study a multi-scale deep neural network (MscaleDNN) as a meshless numerical method for computing oscillatory Stokes flows in complex domains. The MscaleDNN employs a multi-scale structure in the design of its DNN using radial scalings to convert the approximation of high frequency components of the highly oscillatory Stokes solution to one of lower frequencies. The MscaleDNN solution to the Stokes problem is obtained by minimizing a loss function in terms of $L^2$ norm of the residual of the Stokes equation. Three forms of loss functions are investigated based on vorticity-velocity-pressure, velocity-stress-pressure, and velocity-gradient of velocity-pressure formulations of the Stokes equation. We first conduct a systematic study of the MscaleDNN methods with various loss functions on the Kovasznay flow in comparison with normal fully connected DNNs. Then, Stokes flows with highly oscillatory solutions in a 2-D domain with six randomly placed holes are simulated by the MscaleDNN. The results show that MscaleDNN has faster convergence and consistent error decays in the simulation of Kovasznay flow for all three tested loss functions. More importantly, the MscaleDNN is capable of learning highly oscillatory solutions when the normal DNNs fail to converge.

Bo Wang, Wenzhong Zhang & Wei Cai. (2020). Multi-Scale Deep Neural Network (MscaleDNN) Methods for Oscillatory Stokes Flows in Complex Domains. Communications in Computational Physics. 28 (5). 2139-2157. doi:10.4208/cicp.OA-2020-0192
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