TY - JOUR T1 - Computational Study of Nonadiabatic Wave Patterns in Smouldering Combustion under Microgravity JO - East Asian Journal on Applied Mathematics VL - 2 SP - 138 EP - 149 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/02 SN - 5 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/eajam.010914.250315a UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/eajam/10917.html KW - Filtration combustion, smouldering, fingering instability, nonadiabatic, chemical kinetics. AB -
We numerically study a thermal-diffusive model for smouldering combustion under microgravity with convective heat losses. In accordance with previous experimental observations, it is well known that porous materials burning against a gaseous oxidiser under microgravity exhibit various finger-like char patterns due to the destabilising effect of oxidiser transport. There is a close resemblance between the pattern-forming dynamics observed in the experiments with the mechanism of thermal-diffusive instability, similar to that occurring in low Lewis number premixtures. At large values of the Lewis number, the finger-like pattern coalesces and propagates as a stable front reminiscent of the pattern behaviour at large Péclet numbers in diffusion-limited systems. The significance of the order of the chemical kinetics for the coexistence of both upstream and downstream smoulder waves is also considered.