Volume 32, Issue 5
Directional Do-Nothing Condition for the Navier-Stokes Equations

Malte Braack & Piotr Boguslaw Mucha

J. Comp. Math., 32 (2014), pp. 507-521.

Published online: 2014-10

Preview Full PDF 62 1828
Export citation
  • Abstract

The numerical solution of flow problems usually requires bounded domains although the physical problem may take place in an unbounded or substantially larger domain. In this case, artificial boundaries are necessary. A well established artificial boundary condition for the Navier-Stokes equations discretized by finite elements is the "do-nothing" condition. The reason for this is the fact that this condition appears automatically in the variational formulation after partial integration of the viscous term and the pressure gradient. This condition is one of the most established outflow conditions for Navier-Stokes but there are very few analytical insight into this boundary condition. We address the question of existence and stability of weak solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations with a "directional do-nothing" condition. In contrast to the usual "do-nothing" condition this boundary condition has enhanced stability properties. In the case of pure outflow, the condition is equivalent to the original one, whereas in the case of inflow a dissipative effect appears. We show existence of weak solutions and illustrate the effect of this boundary condition by computation of steady and non-steady flows.

  • Keywords

Boundary conditions Navier-Stokes Outflow condition Existence

  • AMS Subject Headings

35M12 65M60 76D03 76D05.

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

  • Email address
  • BibTex
  • RIS
  • TXT
@Article{JCM-32-507, author = {Malte Braack and Piotr Boguslaw Mucha}, title = {Directional Do-Nothing Condition for the Navier-Stokes Equations}, journal = {Journal of Computational Mathematics}, year = {2014}, volume = {32}, number = {5}, pages = {507--521}, abstract = {

The numerical solution of flow problems usually requires bounded domains although the physical problem may take place in an unbounded or substantially larger domain. In this case, artificial boundaries are necessary. A well established artificial boundary condition for the Navier-Stokes equations discretized by finite elements is the "do-nothing" condition. The reason for this is the fact that this condition appears automatically in the variational formulation after partial integration of the viscous term and the pressure gradient. This condition is one of the most established outflow conditions for Navier-Stokes but there are very few analytical insight into this boundary condition. We address the question of existence and stability of weak solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations with a "directional do-nothing" condition. In contrast to the usual "do-nothing" condition this boundary condition has enhanced stability properties. In the case of pure outflow, the condition is equivalent to the original one, whereas in the case of inflow a dissipative effect appears. We show existence of weak solutions and illustrate the effect of this boundary condition by computation of steady and non-steady flows.

}, issn = {1991-7139}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/jcm.1405-m4347}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jcm/9901.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Directional Do-Nothing Condition for the Navier-Stokes Equations AU - Malte Braack & Piotr Boguslaw Mucha JO - Journal of Computational Mathematics VL - 5 SP - 507 EP - 521 PY - 2014 DA - 2014/10 SN - 32 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/jcm.1405-m4347 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jcm/9901.html KW - Boundary conditions KW - Navier-Stokes KW - Outflow condition KW - Existence AB -

The numerical solution of flow problems usually requires bounded domains although the physical problem may take place in an unbounded or substantially larger domain. In this case, artificial boundaries are necessary. A well established artificial boundary condition for the Navier-Stokes equations discretized by finite elements is the "do-nothing" condition. The reason for this is the fact that this condition appears automatically in the variational formulation after partial integration of the viscous term and the pressure gradient. This condition is one of the most established outflow conditions for Navier-Stokes but there are very few analytical insight into this boundary condition. We address the question of existence and stability of weak solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations with a "directional do-nothing" condition. In contrast to the usual "do-nothing" condition this boundary condition has enhanced stability properties. In the case of pure outflow, the condition is equivalent to the original one, whereas in the case of inflow a dissipative effect appears. We show existence of weak solutions and illustrate the effect of this boundary condition by computation of steady and non-steady flows.

Malte Braack & Piotr Boguslaw Mucha. (1970). Directional Do-Nothing Condition for the Navier-Stokes Equations. Journal of Computational Mathematics. 32 (5). 507-521. doi:10.4208/jcm.1405-m4347
Copy to clipboard
The citation has been copied to your clipboard