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Variable Step-Size BDF3 Method for Allen-Cahn Equation
Minghua Chen, Fan Yu, Qingdong Zhang and Zhimin Zhang

J. Comp. Math. DOI: 10.4208/jcm.2304-m2022-0140

Publication Date : 2023-11-13

  • Abstract

In this work, we analyze the three-step backward differentiation formula (BDF3) method for solving the Allen-Cahn equation on variable grids. For BDF2 method, the discrete orthogonal convolution (DOC) kernels are positive, the stability and convergence analysis are well established in [Liao and Zhang, Math. Comp., 90 (2021), 1207–1226] and [Chen, Yu, and Zhang, arXiv:2108.02910, 2021]. However, the numerical analysis for BDF3 method with variable steps seems to be highly nontrivial due to the additional degrees of freedom and the non-positivity of DOC kernels. By developing a novel spectral norm inequality, the unconditional stability and convergence are rigorously proved under the updated step ratio restriction $r_k := \tau_k/\tau_{k−1} ≤ 1.405$ for BDF3 method. Finally, numerical experiments are performed to illustrate the theoretical results. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first theoretical analysis of variable steps BDF3 method for the Allen-Cahn equation.

  • Copyright

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